Many owners of parking facilities implement proactive maintenance programs with the goals of minimizing lifecycle costs, minimizing operational impacts during repairs, and providing safe parking facilities. Setting appropriate budgets, creating maintenance reserve funds, and routinely performing assessments, maintenance and repairs are critical to assuring that the expected service life of a facility is achieved.
There are typically three types of maintenance programs for parking facilities – routine, preventive and replacement maintenance. Below is a brief outline of each type of maintenance.
Routine maintenance (housekeeping) occurs daily, monthly or annually and ensures the safe and proper daily operations of the facility. Routine maintenance includes:
Preventive maintenance protects the Owner’s capital investment by preventing major repairs and includes:
Replacement maintenance includes the replacement of elements / systems that reach the end of their useful service life, such as:
Parking structure maintenance strategies should be implemented as early as possible after new construction. A detailed and comprehensive maintenance plan, established and properly implemented from the facility’s opening, forms the first line of defense against minor and major structural problems resulting from normal “wear and tear”.
While some owners and parking facility operators do not have a maintenance plan in place, it is never too late to begin to identify and manage potential problems. Having an experienced restoration engineer perform a simple walk-through appraisal is a great start. The engineer can assess concerns associated with the facility’s age, structural system, and construction quality. Plans can then be made to remedy the issues and develop a comprehensive maintenance plan.